today announced new standards that will make it easier for people to browse the
Web on mobile devices. Sure, in the past we already had, more or less successful
mobile browsing standards like WAP (which used WML, a kind of xHTML dialect) or
i-mode (which used cHTML) but with the W3C's Mobile Web Best Practices 1.0,
published as a W3C Recommendation, the experience of many mobile Web
stakeholders is condensed into practical advice on creating mobile-friendly
content which still follow the W3C standards contrary to any propriety
"Mobile Web content developers now have stable guidelines and maturing
tools to help them create a better mobile Web experience," said Dominique
Hazaël-Massieux, W3C Mobile Web Activity Lead. "In support of the W3C
mission of building One Web, we want to support the developer community by
providing tools to enable a great mobile Web user experience."
Mobile Web Design Guidelines Address Challenges on the Go: People who want to
use the Web while "on the go" face several challenges, including hardware and
software diversity, device constraints, and bandwidth limitations. Mobile Web
Best Practices 1.0 helps content authors face those challenges and develop
content that works on a wide array of mobile devices. Authors and other content
producers will find practical advice for managing user experience challenges
such as data input and page scrolling.
Until today, content developers faced an additional challenge: a variety of
mobile markup languages to choose from. With the publication of the XHTML Basic
1.1 Recommendation today, the preferred format specification of the Best
Practices, there is now a full convergence in mobile markup languages, including
those developed by the Open Mobile Alliance (OMA - formerly known as the WAP
The W3C mobileOK checker (beta), when used with the familiar W3C validator,
helps developers test mobile-friendly Web content.
According to Juniper Research, "the global market for Mobile Web 2.0 will be
worth US$ 22.4 billion in 2013, up from US$ 5.5 billion currently." Keeping pace
with this trend, the Mobile Web Best Practices (MWBP) Working Group published
the first draft of the next generation of guidelines, Mobile Web Application
Best Practices, aimed at mobile Web applications. While the "original" best
practices document focused on traditional Web browsing, the new guidelines will
focus on the use of Web applications and widgets for user interaction
opportunities on mobile devices. For example, mobile content providers might use
Web applications together with geolocation information to provide users with
richer location-based services and interfaces.
W3C is also developing resources to help authors understand how to create
content that is both mobile-friendly and accessible to people with disabilities.
A draft of Relationship between Mobile Web Best Practices (MWBP) and Web Content
Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) is jointly published by the The Mobile Web Best
Practices Working Group and WAI's Education & Outreach Working Group (EOWG).
Cheers ~ Arne